History



1959

The Carrefour supermarket company is set up by the Fournier, Badin and Defforey families who run a discount supermarket in Annecy.
1960

Carrefour opens its first supermarket in Annecy, Haute-Savoie.

 
1961

The LLC Promodis, the forerunner of Promodès, is created. The company was formed through a merger of two wholesaler families from Normandy, managed by Paul-Auguste Halley and Leonor Duval-Lemonnier.
1962

Promodès opens its first supermarket in Mantes-la-Ville (Yvelines).
1963

Carrefour invents a new store concept: the hypermarket. The first Carrefour hypermarket opens in Sainte-Geneviève-des-bois, with a floor area of 2,500 sq.m, 12 checkouts and 400 parking spaces.  
 
1969

Carrefour invents a new store concept: the hypermarket. The first Carrefour hypermarket opens in Sainte-Geneviève-des-bois, with a floor area of 2,500 sq.m, 12 checkouts and 400 parking spaces.  
 

 
1970

Carrefour shares are listed on the Paris stock exchange.
1972

Promodès hypermarkets adopt the Continent banner name. Convenience stores will operate under the Shopi banner.
       
1973

Carrefour opens its first hypermarket in Spain, under the store Pryca banner.

 
1975

Carrefour opens its first hypermarket in Brazil.
1976

Carrefour introduces "produits libres", which are unbranded products but "just as good, and cheaper".
 
1977

Promodès creates the convenience store chain 8 à Huit.
1979

Development of hard discount: Carrefour creates the Ed chain in France, and Promodès the Dia banner in Spain.
 
1981

Carrefour introduces its own payment card: the Pass Card.
Promodès branches out into franchising with Champion supermarkets.
1982

The first Carrefour hypermarket opens in Argentina.
1984

Carrefour launches Carrefour Insurance Services.
1985

Carrefour brand-name products are introduced.
1988

Promodès acquires the 128 supermarkets of the Primistères group.
Introduction of the slogan "Avec Carrefour, je positive".
 
1989

Carrefour establishes a foothold in the United States and in Taiwan.
 
1991

Carrefour takes over the French hypermarket chains Euromarché and Montlaur.
Opening of the first hypermarkets Continent in Greece.
Carrefour launches Carrefour Vacances (Travel services).  

 
1992

Carrefour creates filière quality systems, which guarantee product origin and traceability.  
 

 
1993

Carrefour opens its first hypermarkets in Italy and Turkey.
1994

Carrefour opens its first hypermarkets in Mexico and Malaysia. Carrefour acquires a majority stake in Picard Surgelés. A joint company is set up with a Chinese partner in order to develop supermarket/hypermarket business activities
in Shanghai and Beijing.
1995

Carrefour opens its first hypermarkets in China.
1996

  • Promodès launches the brand name Reflets de France, created to preserve the traditions of French cuisine.
  • Carrefour continues to grow in Asia, adding Thailand, Korea and Hong Kong to its list.
  • Promodès acquires the convenience store chain Félix Potin.  
 
   
 
1997

Carrefour opens its first hypermarkets in Singapore and Poland.
Promodès acquires the supermarket chain Catteau.
Carrefour introduces the brand names Escapades Gourmandes, specializing in rare or little known traditional products, and Carrefour Bio, a certified organic line of food products.  
 
 
1998

Carrefour takes a controlling interest in Comptoirs Modernes: 16 Mammouth hypermarkets become partners of the group and switch to the Carrefour store name. With this purchase Carrefour enters supermarket activity with Stoc and the convenience store banner with Marché Plus. Promodès acquires minority stakes in foreign food retailing groups: GB in Belgium, Norte in Argentina and GS in Italy. Carrefour opens its first hypermarkets in Chile, Colombia and Indonesia. Promodès introduces the brand name Destination Saveurs, a line celebrating exotic products.
 
1999

Carrefour and Promodès merge to create the largest European food retailing group (second largest worldwide). Carrefour acquires 85 supermarkets in Brazil, through the regional chains Lojas Americanas, Planaltao, Roncetti, Mineirao, Rainha, Dallas and Continente.
   
2000

Carrefour strengthens Promodès's ties with its partners by increasing its ownership equity in Norte in Argentina, Gruppo GS in Italy, Marinopoulos in Greece and GB in Belgium. The Carrefour and Maus groups team up in the hypermarket niche in Switzerland. Carrefour, Sears and Oracle create the first worldwide electronic market place for retailer: GlobalNetXchange. After the two groups merge, all Continent hypermarkets become Carrefour stores and supermarkets adopt the Champion name in France. Pryca and Continente merge in Spain to become Carrefour. Launch of the on-line supermarket Ooshop. Carrefour opens its first hypermarket in Japan. Launch of the global Shareholding plan reserved for Carrefour employees. Over 200,000 of them (60% of the workforce) subscribe to this plan.
   
2001

Carrefour sells its interest in Picard Surgelés. Carrefour has inaugurated 17 Carrefour service stations on France's motorway networks. Carrefour Argentina takes over management of Norte, the largest food retailer in Argentina. Carrefour acquires the Espirito Santo group's interest in Carrefour Portugal. Carrefour and Metro AG dispose of their cross-stakes in France and Italy. Carrefour sells its 42% stake in Cora to Deutsche Bank. The Group begins operating in Romania.
2002

Exchange offer of CARREFOUR on CENTROS COMERCIALES CARREFOUR. The shareholders of Carrefour have approved the capital increase for the funding of the public tender offer launched by Carrefour for the shares of Centros Comerciales Carrefour, its Spanish subsidiary.

   
2004

ED and Coop Atlantique sign a franchise agreement. Carrefour establishes a European property company, "Carrefour Property". Carrefour announces the sale of its share in Modelo Continente and its purchase of 13 hypermarkets in Poland from Ahold. Sonae purchases Carrefour's share (22.37%) in Modelo Continente, S.G.P.S., S.A. With the purchase of 13 Hypernova hypermarkets from Ahold, Carrefour becomes Poland's second-largest hypermarket company. The 58 BP motorway stores take on the trade name Proxi service. The first Champion supermarket opens for business in China.
 
2005

Strengthening of the Group’s positions: Poland: acquisition of 12 hypermarkets Hypernova from Ahold. Italy: acquisition, through a partnership with Aligros, of 160 mainly convenience stores in the Apulia region. Turkey: acquisition of 2 turkish retail banners Gima (81 supermarkets) et Endi (45 hard discount stores Discount). Cyprus: purchase of Chris Cash&Carry holding 3 hypermarkets and 3 supermarkets Brasil: acquisition of 10 hypermarkets from the Sonae Group in Sao Paolo France: purchase of 101 magasins Penny Market stores under the Ed banner Taïwan (September) : acquisition of 6 hypermarkets and 2 other projects currently from Tesco Disvestitures:   Japan: the Goup’s activities (8 hypermarkets) were divested to Aeon which operate these stores as franchises. Mexico: the Group sold all of its assets (29 hypermarkets) to Chedraui. France: sale of Prodirest to Transgourmet (Rewe). Slovakia and the Czech Republic: sale of 15 hypermarkets to Tesco. Spain: sale of Puntocash cash&carry chain to Miquel Alimentacio Group   Launch of the third generation of Carrefour products in France : Carrefour, Carrefour Agir and Carrefour Sélection      
2006

After the friendly simplified offering for Hyparlo, Carrefour integrates 12 hypermarket in France and 5 in Romania.
  In Taiwan, with the integration of Carrefour Tesco, in July, Carrefour now has 45 hypermarkets.
Cyprus welcomes its first Carrefour hypermarket in Limassol.
In Poland, acquisition of Ahold Polska
. It disposes of its assets in Korea, the Czech Republic and Slovakia.
2007

Acquisition of Atacadão in Brazil.
Sale of operations in Slovakia.
Acquisition of Plus stores in Spain.
Sale of Portuguese hypermarkets.
Sale of operations in Switzerland.
Acquisition of Artima in Roumania.
2008

Acquisition of Alfa Retail Indo in Indonesia.
Roll-out of the Carrefour market banner in France.
Acquisition of Cross System Company (renamed Carrefour Property Development),
the Group’s real estate holding company.
Renewal of the partnership with Guyenne & Gascogne.
2010

The first cash & carry store opens in India.
Withdrawal from Thailand (with effect from 2011).
Acquisition of a 51% stake in Baolongcang, China.
Acquisition of the Ipek supermarket chain in Turkey.
Creation of a partnership with CT Corp in Indonesia.
2011

Spin off of Dia SA.
  • Années 1960
  • Années 1970
  • Années 1980
  • Années 1990
  • Années 2000
  • Années 2010
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  • 1959
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